Khurshidbanu Natavan (1832-1897)
Natavan was born on August 15, 1832 in Shusha. Mehdigulu khan named his daughter after his mother Khurshidbanu. As Khurshidbanu was the only child of the family and the last heir of the Karabakh khanates, she was called "Durru yekta" (Single pearl) in the palace, and "Khan gizi" among the people.
In the 19th century, as a rule, children of aristocratic families were taught Arabic and Persian along with their native language, so the Khan's daughter also learned these languages and mastered the rules of classical poetry through them. Rare books and valuable manuscripts of genius oriental poets connected Khurshidbanu with classical literature. Khurshidbanu Natavan was a person with brilliant talent and advanced ideals.
There are several main reasons for this phenomenon. One of them is the poet's lineage. That is, Natavan has the blood of two great generations - Javanshirs and Ziyadoglu of Gajars.
Khurshidbanu Natavan was one of the prominent personalities of his time, known not only in Azerbaijan, but in the whole Caucasus for his kindness and philanthropy. She helped the poor and built a water pipeline and various springs in Shusha.
Khurshidbanu Natavan died on October 1, 1897 and was buried in "Imarat" cemetery of Aghdam. There is a street, a club, a library and a school named after her. The khan's daughter manuscripts, personal clothes and belongings are kept in our archives and museums as the unique exhibits.
There is a statue in Baku, a bust in Shusha and a tombstone in Agdam of “Khan qizi”.