Geography of Shusha
Shusha is one of the most fascinating places in the world. High mountainous areas are covered with subalpine and alpine meadows. Shusha's fauna includes but not limited to bears, wolves, foxes, gray rabbits, mountain eagles, roe deer, partridges, pigeons, and others.
The highest peak of Shusha is Mount Kirs (2725 m). Most of the area has a hot climate with dry summers and cold winters followed by dry cold. The average temperature ranges from −4 ° C to −1 ° C in January and 16–19 ° C in July. Annual precipitation is 700-800 mm. The soil of the city is brown and brown mountain-forest, grass-mountain-meadow type.
The Karabakh range of Shusha is shallow mountainous. The eastern part of the region is bordered by the Kecheldag pass. Shusha city is well known for its rivers and water basins. "Turshsu" is famous mineral water, and "Isa Bulagi" is famous spring. The main rivers are Zarisli and Khalfali, tributaries of Gargarchay.
Examples of geological natural phenomena in Shusha include Karst caves in Dashalti village, Shahnazar cave, and Dashalti canyon near the city.
Fagus Orientalis, Hebrew oak, and Caucasian hornbeam predominate in Shusha forests. In the lower part of Mount Chirishli, at an altitude of 1160–1210 meters above sea level, in the northern part of the slope, about 30 chestnut trees grow in the forest at a distance of about 100 m from each other. Here chestnut trees are part of the oak-hornbeam forest. Under the forest, there are different species of shrubs such as hazelnuts, Cheri, cherry plum, blueberries, hawthorn, raspberries, hips. There are hornbeam, maple, cherry, Fraxinus, and oak in the forests.
The Shusha area has a rich fauna. Among the mammals, there are wolves, brown bears, European roe deer, badgers, wild boars, partridges, lynxes, jackals, foxes, hedgehogs, lizards, and others.
Shusha Tourist Attractions
Shusha fortress: The fortress, built by Panahali khan for defensive purposes, was built in an inaccessible and even besieged place in the Shusha lowland. The fortress was surrounded by dense forests on all sides and ended in ravines in some parts, which was considered an impassable barrier by the enemy.
The house of Khurshidbanu Natavan: The two-storey house of Khurshidbanu Natava, known as the famous Azerbaijani poet, khan gizi, is a historical and architectural monument of the XVIII century. On the first floor of the building there are seven service rooms for servants. There are three entrance gates on the south side. The door in the middle of them leads to the corridor, and the other two doors on the sides lead to the side rooms.
Museum-mausoleum of Molla Panah Vagif: The construction of the museum-mausoleum complex of the famous Azerbaijani poet Molla Panah Vagif began in 1977 on the basis of the project of architects A.V Salamzadeh and E.I Kanukov. The complex was opened in January 1982. The complex was built on the tomb of the great poet near the Cidir plain, a prominent place in Shusha. Here M.P. About 80 exhibits reflecting the life of Vagif in Shusha were also exhibited.
The house-museum of Uzeyir Hajibeyov: The house-museum of the great Azerbaijani composer Uzeyir Hajibeyov in Shusha was established in 1959. The house-museum functioned until the occupation of Shusha by Armenian invaders in 1992. Along with household items belonging to the Hajibeyov family, Uzeyir Bey's personal belongings, photos, books, books dedicated to him and donated to the museum occupied an important place in the museum's exposition.