The city of Shusha was also famous for its handicrafts. At the beginning of the 19th century, the city had great craftsmen specializing in more than 50 arts. Among them were weavers, hatters, shoemakers, tailors, carpenters, and weavers. Weaving and carpet weaving in the city reached a particularly high level of development. At the beginning of the 19th century, there were 500 looms producing various types of fabrics. The rapid development of capitalist relations led to the rise of silk production in Shusha to the level of factory production. Already in the 60s of the XIX century, the city had 16 silk factories with an annual production capacity of 78,000 rubles.
Shusha was also one of the important centers of carpet production in Azerbaijan. At the end of the 19th century, the growing demand for Azerbaijani carpets in world markets led to the further development of carpet weaving in Shusha. During this period, the city annually produced carpets worth a total of 50,000 rubles. Shusha carpets were divided into two large groups according to their artistic features - ornamental and plot carpets. Mainly, floral elements predominated in the Shusha carpets with ornaments typical of the XVIII-XIX centuries.
In Shusha, the arts of dyeing, leather production, and metallurgy also reached a high level of development. Glass dyers were able to get up to 50 colors and shades of color using different types of plants. At the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, the annual production capacity of 8 dyeing cells operating in Shusha reached 69,500 rubles. At that time, about 200 artisans were engaged in the production of leather goods in the city. At the end of the 19th century, 78 jewelers in Shusha made various types of jewelry for the head, neck, chest, ears, waist, arms, and fingers.
Shusha Tourist Attractions
Shusha fortress: The fortress, built by Panahali khan for defensive purposes, was built in an inaccessible and even besieged place in the Shusha lowland. The fortress was surrounded by dense forests on all sides and ended in ravines in some parts, which was considered an impassable barrier by the enemy.
The house of Khurshidbanu Natavan: The two-storey house of Khurshidbanu Natava, known as the famous Azerbaijani poet, khan gizi, is a historical and architectural monument of the XVIII century. On the first floor of the building there are seven service rooms for servants. There are three entrance gates on the south side. The door in the middle of them leads to the corridor, and the other two doors on the sides lead to the side rooms.
Museum-mausoleum of Molla Panah Vagif: The construction of the museum-mausoleum complex of the famous Azerbaijani poet Molla Panah Vagif began in 1977 on the basis of the project of architects A.V Salamzadeh and E.I Kanukov. The complex was opened in January 1982. The complex was built on the tomb of the great poet near the Cidir plain, a prominent place in Shusha. Here M.P. About 80 exhibits reflecting the life of Vagif in Shusha were also exhibited.
The house-museum of Uzeyir Hajibeyov: The house-museum of the great Azerbaijani composer Uzeyir Hajibeyov in Shusha was established in 1959. The house-museum functioned until the occupation of Shusha by Armenian invaders in 1992. Along with household items belonging to the Hajibeyov family, Uzeyir Bey's personal belongings, photos, books, books dedicated to him and donated to the museum occupied an important place in the museum's exposition.